What you would learn in Log analysis - Detecting Web Attacks. course?
This course was designed for a specific purpose: to inform students about the value of logs of the authentication and web server or logs stored in general stores and how the information contained in these logs can help identify any ongoing attack that your authentication or webserver service could be facing. Or an attack that may already have occurred.
This course will explain the fundamentals of web servers and the way the logging process is carried out in the default locations for logging. We will also provide information on the structure of logs and the default locations of logging for the most popular web servers: Apache, Nginx & Microsoft IIS. Authentication servers such as SSH & FTP as these are often the targets of the attack of brute force.
Methodology for teaching courses
We concentrate on both the theoretical and pragmatic aspects of log analysis. Therefore, we operate in two ways: as an attacker, who will attempt to take down the application using SSH or FTP services, and as a defense that will analyze the logs with various tools and visualize how the logs of the application that is under attack could appear.
We set up a test environment that includes a victim machine and an attacker machine. The attacker machine generates both malicious and regular traffic. We then utilize the generated logs to study the typical attack pattern. We identify the most common attack. We also educate ourselves about how attackers look at the logs. We also learn that logs contain valuable information that is often ignored.
This will ensure that students can experience the idea of log analysis hands-on and use these fundamental skills in their daily security or administrative duties and tasks.
We also discuss the most effective practices from various common resources that may be applied to ensure that logging is completed at the highest level and alert.
At the end of the course, you'll get a fundamental understanding of:
Learn the basic concept of logging, its significance, and the standard log formats and log storage locations for web servers such as Apache, Nginx & Microsoft IIS. Services for authentication such as SSH & FTP.
Recognize what malicious traffic is that is recorded, determine if the application or service is currently under attack or has been targeted, and find out the possible points of attack.
Get a general understanding of best practices in logging according to the OWASP guidelines. Develop an understanding of methods to establish a solid logging strategy to protect the security of your IT assets.
Get a holistic approach when analyzing any logs from the system. You can then pinpoint and fix an issue.
The basics of web server, FTP, SSH logs, and their most common formats for logging
Take note of and comprehend the log entries.
Make it clear that you can distinguish between attack and regular traffic.
Recognize common threats that are common to attack, such as SQLi, XSS, Command Injection LFI/RFI Bruteforce, file uploads, etc.
Find out the origin of the attack.
You can pinpoint a potential vulnerability in a web application that is a gateway to attacks.
Standard tools and techniques to detect attacks, both automated and manual
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